Chapter 1 basic and theoretical elements of the COOH and COOR teams (pages 1–52): Massimo Simonetta and Sergio Carra
Chapter 2 Electrochemical reactions of carboxylic acids and comparable techniques (pages 53–101): Lennart Eberson
Chapter three Alcoholysis, acidolysis and redistribution of esters (pages 103–136): Jouko Koskikallio
Chapter four The formation of carboxylic acids and their derivatives from organometallic compounds (pages 137–173): R. P. A. Sneeden
Chapter five Synthesis of di? and polycarboxylic acids and esters (pages 175–209): V. F. Kucherov and L. A. Yanovskaya
Chapter 6 Acidity and hydrogen bonding of carboxyl teams (pages 211–293): Lennart Eberson
Chapter 7 advent of COOH teams through carbonyl olefination (pages 295–340): L. D. Bergelson and M. M. Shemyakin
Chapter eight Rearrangement and cyclization reactions of carboxylic acids and esters (pages 341–373): Harold Kwart and Kenneth King
Chapter nine Substitution within the teams COOH and COOR (pages 375–452): D. P. N. Satchell and R. S. Satchell
Chapter 10 Syntheses and makes use of of isotopically labelled carboxylic acids (pages 453–503): Mieczyslaw Zielinski
Chapter eleven Esterification and ester hydrolysis (pages 505–588): Erkki okay. Euranto
Chapter 12 The decarboxylation response (pages 589–622): Louis W. Clark
Chapter thirteen Ortho esters (pages 623–667): E. H. Cordes
Chapter 14 Peracids and peresters (pages 669–703): Sven?Olov Lawesson and Gustav Schroll
Chapter 15 Thiolo, thiono and dithio acids and esters (pages 705–764): Matthys J. Janssen
Chapter sixteen Directive and activating results of CO2H and CO2R teams in fragrant and aliphatic reactions (pages 765–869): G. Kohnstam and D. L. H. Williams
Chapter 17 research of carboxylic acids and esters (pages 871–921): T. S. Ma
Chapter 18 organic formation and reactions of the ?COOH and ?COOR teams (pages 923–1064): Shawn Doonan
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Extra resources for Carboxylic Acids and Esters (1969)
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Symbols K,, Hi and Fj represent the stretching, bending and repulsive force constants, respectively, and the prime indicates the interaction between non-bonded atoms. The values of the distances at equilibrium position, rio, ril and qjo are introduced to make the force constants dimensionally consistent. can be expressed in terms of Fl: by the equilibrium conditions, Massirno Simonetta and Sergio Carra 20 while F,! was assumed to be (- F,/lO) as it follows from a repulsive energy between non-bonded atoms proportional t o I--'.