By Beth Rodgers
This e-book examines the development of adolescent girlhood throughout more than a few genres within the last many years of the 19th century. It argues that there has been a preoccupation with defining, characterising and naming adolescent girlhood on the fin de siècle. those ‘daughters of today’, ‘juvenile spinsters’ and ‘modern girls’, because the press variously termed them, occupying a borderland among formative years and womanhood, have been visible to be inextricably attached to past due nineteenth-century modernity: they have been the goods of alterations happening in schooling and employment and of the problem to conventional conceptions of femininity offered via the girl query. the writer argues that the transferring nature of the trendy adolescent woman made her a malleable cultural determine, and a gathering element for lots of of the popular debates linked to fin-de-siècle society. by means of juxtaposing varied fabric, from children’s books and ladies’ magazines to New girl novels and mental reviews, the writer contextualises adolescent girlhood as a special yet advanced cultural classification on the finish of the 19th century.
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Additional info for Adolescent Girlhood and Literary Culture at the Fin de Siècle: Daughters of Today
49. Qtd. in Felicity A. 3 (1978): 542–61. 76. Joseph Bristow, Empire Boys: Adventures in a Man’s World (London: Harpercollins, 1991). 190. Dan Phaër, ‘Types of Artist: The Victorian Idealist’, Rhythm 2 (1912): 22. 29. 63. 294–6. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90. CHAPTER 2 Classifying Girlhood, Creating Heroines: Aspiration, Community and Competition in the Girl’s Own Paper and the Girl’s Realm In the ranks of the middle-class girls the most varied types are to be found. There is the daughter of the millionaire, preparing herself to lead the brilliant, many-sided life of the wealthy, and there, too, is the wage-earning girl beginning in her teens the struggle with life.
The pessimists call them useless, lost, futile lives. I, naturally – being one of them myself – take another view. I look upon them as a great reserve. 33 Gissing’s depiction of ‘odd women’ provides an interesting context in which to position Caulfeild’s classifications of the ‘juvenile spinster’. Referring to earning their own bread and paying rent, Caulfeild acknowledges the fact that young unmarried women faced difficult, uncertain futures. 34 To what extent is Caulfeild’s tone determined by her more conscious acknowledgement of this fact, as opposed to the romanticized, idealized constructions of girlhood in other articles that perhaps sought to euphemize or ignore this important issue?
13. 1. 14. 3. 15. 2, 3. Emphasis in original. 16. 191. 17. Yates, ‘The Girls of To-day’, Girl’s Own Paper 15 (1894): 724–5. 18. 17. 19. Hugh Stutfield, ‘The Psychology of Feminism’, Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine 161 (1897): 115. 20. Eliza Lynn Linton, ‘The Girl of the Period’, Saturday Review 25 (1868): 340. 21. Linton, ‘The Girl of the Period’, 341. 22. 99. 23. 261. 24. Crackanthorpe, ‘The Revolt of the Daughters’, Nineteenth Century 35 (1894): 23–31 and ‘The Revolt of the Daughters: A Last Word on “The Revolt” ’, Nineteenth Century 35 (1894): 424–9.