A Guide To Entropy And The Second Law Of Thermodynamics by Jakob Yngvason, Elliott H.Lieb

By Jakob Yngvason, Elliott H.Lieb

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However in silicon, there are many electrons locked up in the chemical bonds and it is possible to pull an electron out of a chemical bond. This makes a hole which is mobile and acts in every way like an extra electron with opposite charge added to the silicon. This idea however requires the analogue of a solid’s bond length. In Particle Physics such a length conflicts fundamentally with the Principle of Relativity as we have seen, unless, as we have argued, it breaks down at the Compton scale.

All these considerations have been leading to more and more complex models, the latest version being the so called M-Theory. In this latest theory supersymmetry is broken so that the supersymmetric partner particles do not have the same mass as the known particles. Particles can now be described as soliton like branes, resembling the earlier Dirac membrane. M-Theory also gives an interface with Black Hole Physics. Further these new masses must be much too heavy to be detected by current accelerators.

By failing to make any predictions, it is impossible to tell if it is a turkey, let alone a triumph. “It is this loss of contact with reality that has prompted so much concern among scientists-at least, those who are not intimidated by all the talk of multidimensional superstrings and Calabi-Yau manifolds that goes with the territory. But now one of them has decided the outside world should be told about this scientific charade. As a mathematician at Columbia University, Peter Woit has followed the quest for the theory of everything for more than 20 years.

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